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Aug 16, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Urine Dipstick in the Screening of Urinary Infection in Relation to the Reference Method: The Cytobacteriological Examination of Urine

Bianza Moise Bakadia, Bakamona Lina Babidi, Tshilumbayi Falone Mutoba, Mazono Pierre Mbang, Kabengele Arlette Ndaya, Mutumukole Jeanluc Biampata, Ilunga Eric Kasamba
The cytobacteriological examination of urine is a biological test most commonly asked in the hospital. The results of a large part of urinary sample analyzed are negative, representing a heavy workload for bacteriology laboratories, burden that we would like to limit. In this context the aim of our study was to evaluate a screening test for urinary tract infection by urine dipstick compared to the reference method; th
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Aug 16, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Instability of Glycemia before Centrifugation without Antiglycolytic and Correction Factors of Differed Glycemia Assays

Bianza Moise Bakadia, Tshilumbayi Falone Mutoba, Bakamona Lina Babidi, Kabengele Arlette Ndaya, Mulongo Pauline Kalenga, Kamona Charles Kimuni, Pembi Christian Kasongo, Lusenge Nono Ndete, Mutumukole Jeanluc Biampata, Ndibualonji Bualufubadibanga Victor
Insert Glycolysis that occurs in vitro venous blood samples is known to induce a rapid drop in blood sugar. The use of an antiglycolytic is prob-lematic, sodium fluoride creates hemolysis and mono-iodoacetate is active two hours after sampling. However, many laboratories are uncentrifuged specimens from distant sampling sites with varying delivery times some-times several hours. The objective of this study is firstly to determine
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Aug 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Radiation reaction formula in electrodynamics from the momentum carried out by the electromagnetic field due to an accelerating charge

Rajat Roy
As a follow up of the author’s earlier papers the new theory of radiation reaction is placed on a sound theoretical basis. This includes the nature of the equation of motion both under a relativistic Lorentz transformation as well as under a non-relativistic Galilean transformation. It is claimed that both momentum and energy carried out by the radiated fields need to be considered to reach the desired results. It is also sho
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Aug 15, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Bayesian Predictive Analyses for Logarithmic Non-Homogeneous Poisson Process in Software Reliability

Nickson Cheruiyot, Luke Akong’o Orawo, Ali Salim Islam
This paper discusses the Bayesian approach to estimation and prediction of the reliability of software systems during the testing process. A Non-Homogeneous Poisson Process (NHPP) arising from the Musa-Okumoto (1984) software reliability model is proposed for the software failures. The Musa-Okumoto NHPP reliability model consists of two components—the execution time component and the calendar time component, and is a popular model
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Aug 14, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Didactic Transposition for Inferential and Analogical Thinking, Reasoning and Transfer of School Knowledge for Societal Context-of-Use

George N. Nditafon, Emmanuel Noumi
This study demonstrates the effectiveness of Klopfer’s taxonomy and a candidate hypothetico-deductive thinking and reasoning theory of didactic transposition, in teaching critical thinking skills, analogies and transferability of knowledge for problem-solving now and for the future in the experimental sciences. It was conducted in four socio-cultural zones of Cameroon involving 307 high school students (166 English-speaking and 14
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Aug 14, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Compact-Open and Point Wise Convergence Topologies

Mohammed Nokhas Murad Kaki
In this paper, we have investigated and introduced some new definitions of transitivity on the set of all continuous maps, denoted by , called the point-wise convergence transitive, the compact-open transitive and point wise convergence topological transitive sets. Relationship between these new defini-tions is studied. Finally, we have introduced a number of very important topo-logical concepts and shown that every compact-open
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Aug 14, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Vertical Transmission Rate of HIV from Seropositive Mothers Followed in the Different Care Centers in Kinshasa from 2010 to 2015

Divine Chuga, Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Jean Yves Debels Kabasele, Médard Omakoy Okonda, Berry Ikolango Bongenya, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Background: In the Democratic Republic of Congo, the use of Prevention of Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection from mother to child is still very low. Objective: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of infants born from HIV-positive mother in different centers in Kinshasa. Methods: This study is a retrospective cohort of at least 2 years on the records of mother-child couple followed in 8 ce
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Aug 14, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Infection with Hepatitis B and C Virus in the Democratic Republic of Congo: A Public Health Problem

Ben Ilunga Bulanda, Berry Ikolango Bongenya, Jean-Yves Debels Kabasele, Médard Omakoy Okonda, Divine Chuga, Christian Tshisumbu, Elvis Tshunza Kateba, Erick Ntambwe Kamangu
Background: Viral hepatitis represents a major public health burden with more than 375 million people with chronic hepatitis B infection and 130 to 150 million with hepatitis C for 2016. Sub-Saharan Africa has the heaviest burden of the epidemic. Objective: The objective of this review is to present the characteristics of hepatitis B and C infections (HBV and HCV), present the synthesis and estimate its magnitude in the Democratic
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Aug 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Still Stigmatized? People’s Beliefs and Attitudes about Mental Illness and Dangerousness

Raqota Berger
Those with mental illnesses have long had to face social rejection and isolation. The social stigma that comes with having a mental illness has real consequences on the lives and experiences of those trying to manage mental health conditions. This study looked at people’s attitudes and perceptions about those with mental illnesses in regard to dangerousness and potential violent behavior. The findings of this study demonstrated th
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Aug 13, 2018Open    AccessArticle

Adolescent Pregnancy and Delivery in the Rural Areas of DR. Congo: A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study (2014 to 2016)

Bukasa Héman Kabemba, Yuma Gaston Alimasi, Augustin Mpo Ntambwe, Morega Esaie Kalamba, Failla Fanny Kitenge, Olivier Ejiba Nyongonyi, Huguette Kisimba Monzi
Background: Adolescent pregnancy and childbirth remains a major public health problem that deserves special attention with regard to psychological and medical risks. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the fre-quency and determinants of the course and evolution of pregnancy and child-birth in rural adolescents. Methods: This is a multicentre, retrospective and de-scriptive cross-sectio
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